Columbus-Lowndes Public Library

Columbus, MS

Library Catalogue

Susan Nawrocki
Reference Librarian


Columbus-Lowndes Library
314 North Seventh Street Columbus, Ms 39701


Monday - Thursday
9:00 - 6:00
Friday - 9:00 - 5:00
Saturday - 10:00 - 4:00


  • The 50 States of the United States: Capital Cities and Information Links

    This site on the fifty states (and the U.S. commonwealths and territories) has information such as: location (latitude and longitude), birds, colleges and universities, constitutions, flowers, genealogical resources, geological formations, geographical features, mottos, national forests and parks, newspapers, nicknames, nonprofit organizations, populations, state and federal representatives, songs, and the date of entry into the union. All facts are linked to over 1529 governmental or authoritative webpages.

  • Global Statistics

    Almanac of world statistics. "There's a large collection of data at this site, ranging from country profiles (provinces and main cities) to the highest mountains in the world, to a list of all countries in the world with their capitals, surface area and population."

  • Infoplease: All the Knowledge You Need

    Online version of the popular annual Time Almanac. You can browse by topic or search. All-in-one encyclopedia, almanac, dictionary, thesaurus, atlas, and biography reference! Includes the Random House Websters College Dictionary and the Columbia Encyclopedia.

  • The Old Farmer's Almanac

    Covers astronomical events, weather conditions and forecasts, recipes, and gardening tips.

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    Area Code Locators

  • Area Code Locator for North America

    Locator for area codes in the USA, Canada and some Caribbean Islands; lookup cities in an area code and viceversa - detailed information on all codes including maps.

  • Verizon Area Code Lookup

    Find the major locations in a certain area code by entering the area code, or find the area codes that are used in a certain state by entering the state name.

  • Free Area Code and Zip Code Lookup

    Welcome to WhitePages! The world's largest and most trusted source for people's contact information, with more than 180 million U.S. adults and growing!

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    Associations and Organization

  • ASAE's Gateway to Associations

    A searchable directory of the Web sites of associations. Search by association name, category, and location and get a direct link each association's Web site.

  • Associations on the Net

    "A collection of over 2200 Internet sites providing information about a wide variety of professional and trade associations, cultural and art organizations, political parties and advocacy groups, labor unions, academic societies, and research institutions. Abstracts summarizing information about the association and its site are provided."

  • Boy Scouts of America National Council

    This is the National Boy Scouts of America Site. It includes information for Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, and Venturers. It also has information for Scoutmasters, Advisors, and Adult Leaders.

  • The DRM Guide to Disability Resources on the Internet

    "Disability Resources is a nonprofit organization that monitors, reviews, and reports on resources available to people with disabilities. We disseminate information about these resources to libraries, disability organizations, health and social service professionals, consumers and family members ." Site includes a searchable database of resources, weekly features, news updates, a regional resource directory, and info on publications.

  • Idealist

    A site run by a non-profit foundation which has a searchable directory of 10,000 Web sites of non-profit organizations, information on volunteering, jobs, projects and some tools for non-profits on subjects like fundraising, financial management, personnel, public relations, legal issues.

  • The Nonprofit FAQ at

    Compiled from information about nonprofits exchanged on the Internet since 1994, Nonprofit FAQ provides topical information on organization, management, regulation, resources and development as it relates to nonprofits. Provides links to databases of nonprofit organizations and employment opportunities.

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    African American History
    This site on African-American history contains the text of significant speeches. There's also biographical information about famous African-Americans.
    American Women's History: A Research Guide
    "American Women's History is designed to assist serious researchers, such as history professors, independent scholars, graduate students, and possibly upper-division undergraduates. Librarians who assist these researchers may also want to become familiar with the guide. American Women's History provides citations to print and Internet reference sources, as well as to selected large primary source collections. The guide also provides information about the tools researchers can use to find additional books, articles, dissertations, and primary sources."
    Biographical Dictionary
    "This dictionary covers more than 28,000 notable men and women who have shaped our world from ancient times to the present day. The dictionary can be searched by birth years, death years, positions held, professions, literary and artistic works, achievements, and other keywords."
    Offical site of A&E's Biography television series. Includes the searchble text of 15,000 entries from The Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia.
    A searchable, multi-lingual biographical directory. This site indexes and provides links to biographies available from other Web sites.
    Black History: Biographies
    The Thompson-Gale Group has created a free online resource containing biographies of famous African Americans. Information includes extensive biographical sketches, hypertext links that allow for cross-referencing amongst related individuals, and a short list of further resources to consult.
    Spanish-language resource for biographies of famous people from all over the world, from the past and present. Includes royalty and world leaders, writers, actors, musicians and singers, artists, athletes, philosophers, and scientists.
    Current Biography Excerpts
    Looking for a biography of your favorite athlete? This site probably has it. It has short biographies for lots of athletes in lots of different sports.
    Dead or Alive?
    This site tracks whether famous people are still alive or not. On March 9, 2004, the site listed 6765 famous and semi-famous people from a wide range of backgrounds.
    Distinguished Women of Past and Present
    "This site has biographies of women who contributed to our culture in many different ways. There are writers, educators, scientists, heads of state, politicians, civil rights crusaders, artists, entertainers and others. "
    Drop Me Off in Harlem: Faces of the Renaissance
    "What happens when creative and intellectual minds, wealthy patrons, and fervent activists live in the same place? Discover how prominent figures in Harlem influenced, challenged, and supported one another in the period between 1917 and 1935. Investigate how their collective and individual voices reflected and shaped what we now call the Harlem Renaissance." Site inlcudes information about Harlem, biographical information on actors, musicians, and other notable individuals, and multimedia materials related to their lives and work.
    The Encyclopædia Britannica Guide to Black History
    Major features include a timeline of important events, brief biographies of famous African-Americans, articles on Events and Institutions and Eras in Black History. Includes a study guide for teachers and students, a bibliography, and film clips and audio recordings. Also contains a separate section on the Harlem Renaissance.
    Famous Adoptees and Foster Children
    "Biographical directory of influential and famous persons who were adopted or spent time being raised by people other than their biological parents."
    Find a Grave
    Information about "Where everybody who was anybody is buried..." Includes photos. It's searchable by name, location, birthdates and death dates, and "claim to fame."
    The First Ladies of the United States
    A White House Historical Association site with pictures and biographies of the U.S. First Ladies, from Martha Washington to Laura Bush.
    Gerald Gardner: The History of Wicca
    "Witchcraft Today proved to be the first nonfiction book on Wicca ever published, and its author, Gerald Gardner, is debatably the first to ever practice Wicca in a recognizably modern form.... This website has been built to address... questions surrounding Gardner's life. I've been collecting information on Gardner since 1997, and I am about to embark on a period of intense study and writing that should hopefully yield a number of well-documented essays that I intend to publish here in PDF format. I also intend to include an archive of some of the rare documents and publications that I have gathered on Wicca's history. This is the first time that much of this material has been put online."
    Hall of Black Achievement Gallery
    Features page-long illustrated biographies of prominent historical African-Americans, with hypertext links to online resources for further information.
    The HistoryMakers
    "The HistoryMakers is a national, 501(c)(3) non-profit educational institution committed to preserving, developing and providing easy access to an internationally recognized, archival collection of thousands of African American video oral histories." "The HistoryMakers represents the single largest archival project of its kind in the world, outdistancing the existing video oral history collections of New York’s Schomburg Library and the Birmingham Civil Rights Museum. The HistoryMakers is unique among these other collections of African American heritage, because of its massive scope." Persons profiled include artists, politicians, sports figures, scientists, entertainers, and much more.
    100 Greatest Female Athletes
    Sports Illustrated for Women provides biographies of 100 of "the century's greatest sportswomen".
    Educational resources and links for homeschoolers, parents, and teachers. Includes areas on history and people, activities, education links, a monthly calendar, and U.S. presidents. Also has feature sections on snow, kites, popcorn, famous people, and historical events.
    The List of Popes
    Provides a biography of all 265 Popes of the Roman Catholic Church from 32 AD to the present. Includes a detailed entry for Pope John Paul II with links to online speeches and writings.
    National First Ladies Library
    "As the first and only facility of its kind, the National First Ladies' Library will serve as a unique, national resource for patrons from school children to scholars. As a national archive devoted to educating people about the contributions of First Ladies and other important women in history, the Library's holdings will fill an informational void that has long frustrated academicians and armchair history buffs alike." A great resource for discovering print materials by and about the First Ladies of the United States. Click on "National First Ladies' Library Bibliography" for bibliographies of resources on each individual First Lady, and the First Ladies in general.
    Nobel Peace Prize Winners
    A listing of Nobel Peace Prize winners and what they won for. Provides links to other sites about the winners, when available.
    The Nobel Prize Internet Archive
    Impressive collection of information about all of the past Nobel Laureates, organized by prize and year, or searchable. Entries include brief biographical information plus links to related Internet sites.
    Nom de Guerre - The Real People's Real Name Resource of Pseudonyms
    This site contains "the definitive" list of the real and/or full names for hundreds of celebrities, historical figures, writers, and fictional and non-fictional characters. Entries are listed alphabetically by pseudonym, and some contain brief biographical information. You might be surprised to find out who does not go by their real name.
    " simplifies the search for the best and most useful information about people on the Web. We hope that our site will enable you to quickly and easily connect with others, reunite with friends and family, find people who share your interests, learn about notable individuals, discover ways to help others and much more... From, tap into biographies, vital records, population and demographic statistics, e-mail, phone, reverse and professional directories, newsgroups, chat rooms, family and military networks, missing person data, genealogy resources and much more. "
    Plane Writing
    "Flying used to fire the imagination in a major way and heroes were made of this. Those early pilots were unmistakebly remarkable people, did not one but several remarkable things, and best of all, they wrote about it. Then, in the age of rockets, they became suddenly out-dated, archaic, forgotten. Their dusty biographies, leftovers from another era's enthusiasm, paint a wonderful picture of pre-fifties flying and living! The quotes and scraps of stories here are a personal selection from these texts."
    Their Stamp on History
    "Their Stamp on History is an educational site exploring the lives of important historical people through their pictures on postage stamps. It's meant to be used as a resource for stamp collectors, students, teachers, parents, and anyone interested in the lives of unique people. The site is designed to be easily usable for reference, but also easy to surf randomly through, picking out the bits and pieces that you find most interesting." Each entry includes a picture of the postage stamp, along with its face value, a description of its text, and its current (1999) value. Links to information about that person and, sometimes, full biographies are also included. Stamps are indexed by name and by occupational category.
    Who's Alive and Who's Dead
    "The site that helps you keep track of which famous people have died and which are still alive! The people listed in Who's Alive and Who's Dead are grouped according to the accomplishments for which they are best known. That makes it easy to find the cast list of your favorite TV show or rock group. Or, you can easily get a list of famous athletes who played your favorite sport. Politicians are here too, along with authors, cartoonists, astronauts, and a bit of everything else."
    Women in Sports
    Biographies of female athletes indexed by sport or by name; biographies of women in the sports field.

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    Calculation and Conversion Tools

    Offers conversions covering 27 different categories including: distance, temperature, power, weight, volume, energy, speed, currency, clothing/shoe size, computer storage, and cooking.
    Directory of online calculators, browsable by a hierarchical subject/function directory. "There are calculators for finance, business, and science. There are ones for cooking, hobbies, and health. Some solve problems, some satisfy curiosity, and some just for fun."
    Common Weights And Measures
    Includes Mathematical Notation for Orders of Magnitude, Metric prefixes, and Common U.S. and Metric equivalents
    Conversion of Units
    A forms based utility that converts values in one unit to any other.
    Cost-Of-Living Calculator
    "This utility allows you to convert dollar values between any two years to adjust for inflation." Uses the Consumers Price Index from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
    A Dictionary of Units of Measurement
    This dictionary includes all units of the International System (SIPM), many other units of the metric system, and those English Customary Weights and Measures (British and American) that are accurately defined. It does not include obsolete units. It provides symbols and abbreviations. A brief overview and history for each measurement system explains the standard for the units of measurement.
    Startup Company Valuation Calculator
    This is an educational and humorous multiple-choice quiz for estimating the value of an early-stage company.
    Time Zone Check
    "The coolest way to find out the time in other parts of the world."
    Time Zone Converter - The Time Zone - What time is it in ___?
    "Now you can find out the time anywhere in the world with The Time Zone Converter... The time zone rules on which the converter is based are updated whenever local laws or ordinances change to provide you with the most accurate time converter utility on the Net!" Site also provides the ability to "create a customized reference card that you can print and carry with you ... for your next vacation or business trip!"
    Travel Tools
    A series of helpful tools for use by international travelers, including a world public holidays calendar, a currency converter, maps, a metric converter, weather sites, electricity requirements (by continent and country), dialing codes, a international clothing size chart, and a time zone clock.
    The Universal Currency Converter
    "The Universal Currency Converter allows you to perform interactive foreign exchange rate conversion on the Internet. Type the amount of source currency in the input box. You may include commas and a decimal point. Select the source and destination currencies using the scrolling selection boxes."
    USA Today - Money - Calculators
    Offers a host of financial calculators found under the following topics: Mortages, Autos, Credit, Retirement, and Savings. Answers questions like how much you can borrow, what your loan payments will be, how depreciation will effect the value of your car, should you convert your IRA to a Roth IRA, how much it will take to save for a car or home, and much more!

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    The American Secular Holidays Calendar
    Calculates the date and day of the week for all American secular holidays for any year after 1776.
    Calculation of the Ecclesiastical Calendar
    Calculates the dates and days-of-the-week for Western and Orthodox Christian holy days, feasts, etc. for any year after 325 AD, and also provides historical information about the calculation of holidays.
    Calendar of Jewish Holidays
    Gives the English calendar dates for traditional Jewish Holidays for 2008-2009. This page will only be legible if your browser supports tables.
    The Calendar Zone
    "Celestial Calendars, Cultural & Religious Calendars, Holidays, Millennium Info, Calendar Reform, Today Calendars, Web & Interactive Calendars, Y2K, also Calendar Information, Resources, Indexes & Directories, Calendar Software."
    Calendars through the Ages
    A site covering the "history of the human endeavor to organize our lives in accordance with the sun and stars." Discover the origins of modern and past calendar systems. This site covers the calendars of several different cultures and includes a timeline of calendar facts.
    Computation of Sunrise, Sunset and Twilight Times
    This site calculates the length of daylight for your particular location, when twilight begins and ends, sunrise and sunset times, the height angle of the sun at noon and the declination. You can choose from a menu of cities or enter the latitude and longitude of the location that you want information on.
    The Daily Globe World Dates Archive
    This is a browseable calendar of world events. Select a month and then a day to see what important events, births of famous people, or holidays occur on that date. Moveable holidays are listed at the beginning of each month.
    Google Calendar
    Track important events in one place with this easy-to-use online web application. Add events, send invitations, and share your schedule with others. A search feature is also available. Free registration required.
    Interfaith Calendar
    English calendar dates for holidays and holy days for several different world religions. Includes current and future years.
    Multi-Cultural Calendar
    Holidays around the world. Search by month, holiday, country, or keywords. Many include recipes, crafts, history of holiday.
    The 10,000 Year Calendar
    A perpetual calendar; allows users to check days of the week for dates in history and in the future. Browsable, not searchable, but easy enough to use.
    Virtual Perpetual Calendars
    A site that currently provides the calendar for any year in the 19th-21st centuries. You can also look up the dates for holidays in the United States and Canada from 1995-2010. Other features include a quick reference to signs of the zodiac and seasons of the year along with their corresponding dates.

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    Census and Demographics
    " is a growing collection of over 30,000 adherent statistics and religious geography citations -- references to published membership/adherent statistics and congregation statistics for over 2,500 religions, churches, denominations, religious bodies, faith groups, tribes, movements, ultimate concerns, etc... We present data from both primary research sources such as government census reports, statistical sampling surveys and organizational reporting, as well as citations from secondary literature which mention adherent statistics."
    American FactFinder--U.S. Census Bureau
    The American FactFinder "provides useful facts and information about your community, your economy, and your society." Browse or search for information about states, cities, counties, and other communities of varying sizes. Find helpful maps, and check out the U.S. population clock!
    Census Bureau Economic Information
    "Highlights from the latest U.S. Economic Indicators, Agriculture, Manufacturing and Construction, County and City Data Book, County Business Patterns, Statistics of U.S. Businesses, Current Industrial Reports, Economic Data Programs Overview, Economic Census and Surveys, Governments, Income and Poverty, International trade, Research, Statistical Abstract of the United States, Data Access Tools, Browse our FTP site for Economic Data."
    City Population
    "On these web pages, you'll find statistics and maps about the population of the major agglomerations of the world. (An agglomeration is a "central city and neighboring communities linked to it by continuous built-up areas or many commuters"). For many countries, information about the population of their administrative areas and the principal cities is provided."
    City Town Info
    Search for information on any place in the United Sates. Find out who lives there, what services available to residents. Anything and everything on what is good about the city and what is bad. Also has state information including population, flags and size.
    County and City Data Book
    Includes a number of tables describing aspects of population of the 77 largest cities of the United States, such as ranking in population and land area, minority population, median rent, public transportation.
    Current Population Survey
    "The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of about 50,000 households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics.... The CPS is the primary source of information on the labor force characteristics of the U.S. population.... Estimates obtained from the CPS include employment, unemployment, earnings, hours of work, and other indicators. They are available by a variety of demographic characteristics including age, sex, race, marital status, and educational attainment. They are also available by occupation, industry, and class of worker. Supplemental questions to produce estimates on a variety of topics including school enrollment, income, previous work experience, health, employee benefits, and work schedules are also often added to the regular CPS questionnair
    Demographic Information Online
    This IPL pathfinder is a starting point for basic demographic research on the World Wide Web. Demographic information consists of numeric data or statistics involving groups of people.
    The Electronic Map Library
    The Electronic Map Library contains a number of digital maps portraying statistical census information for several metropolitan areas in the United States (as well as a national overview.) Most maps offer a demographic display of the following census categories: Population and Race, Citizenship, Income, Poverty, and Adult Educational Attainment. The site is particularly strong on Californian cities, but also includes some large cities in other states.
    ERSys - Earth Resource System
    "Using maps, charts, reports, and relevant links, Ersys covers over 1300 US cities with detailed information on demographics, environmental factors, economic indicators, housing stats, media (newspaper, television, and radio), schools, transportation, local contacts, and much more!"
    FedStats: One Stop Shopping for Federal Statistics
    "More than 70 agencies in the United States Federal Government produce statistics of interest to the public. The Federal Interagency Council on Statistical Policy maintains this site to provide easy access to the full range of statistics and information produced by these agencies for public use. FedStats' major features include: An 'A to Z' index that provides direct access to detailed data listings in 275 categories; A keyword search capability that enables users to search Web sites linked to FedStats; 'Fast Facts' links, which allow users to visit either the Federal Statistics Briefing Rooms or an on-line version of the most frequently requested tables from the Statistical Abstract of the United States; An 'Agencies' heading that allows users to link to the Web sites of Federal statistical agencies, or select from a menu of predetermined key words for those agencies; A 'Programs' heading that offers 14 groups of agency data program summaries, in areas ranging from agriculture to transportation; A 'Regional Statistics' heading that offers data that is broken down into geographic areas -- frequently at State or county levels; and Links to agency contacts, press releases, and government statistical agencies outside the United States.
    How Much Information?
    "This study is an attempt to estimate how much new information is created each year. Newly created information is distributed in four storage media – print, film, magnetic, and optical – and seen or heard in four information flows – telephone, radio and TV, and the Internet. This study of information storage and flows analyzes the year 2002 in order to estimate the annual size of the stock of new information contained in storage media, and heard or seen each year in information flows. Where reliable data was available we have compared the 2002 findings to those of our 2000 study (which used 1999 data) in order to identify trends – recognizing that 1999-2002 were years of relatively low economic activity. The 2000 study is located on the Web at Note that this – the 2003 study – has revised certain of the 1999 estimates when we have found new and better data sources."
    "InfoNation is an easy-to-use, two-step database that allows you to view and compare the most up-to-date statistical data for the Member States of the United Nations. In this first menu, you can select up to seven countries. Then, you can proceed to the data menu where you will be able to select statistics and other data fields." You can get statistics on geography, economy, population, and social indicators.
    National Archives and Records Administration
    Includes a comprehensive list of archival information maintained by various branches of the Federal government, as well as online exhibits, educational material, and information about programs and events sponsored by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
    Social Explorer
    Interactive maps and data reports of demographic information in the United States from 1790 to the present. Compiled by experts.
    Social Science Data Analysis Network
    "The Social Science Data Analysis Network makes the latest US census surveys and demographic trends accessible to educators, policymakers, the media, and students at all levels."
    Social Statistics Briefing Room
    "The purpose of this service is to provide easy access to current Federal social statistics. It provides links to information produced by a number of Federal agencies. All of the information included in the Social Statistics Briefing Room is maintained and updated by the statistical units of those agencies." Includes crime, demographic, education and health statistics.
    Statistical Abstract of the United States
    Contains a collection of statistics (over 1400 tables and graphs!) on social, economic, and international subjects. In addition, the Abstract is your guide to sources of other data from the Census Bureau, other Federal agencies, and private organizations. Web source contains statistics in brief and frequently requested tables.
    Statistical Resources on the Web
    "Meta-index to statistical web sites and individual statistical publications arranged by broad subject category from the University of Michigan Documents Center." Subjects covered include: agriculture; business and industry; consumer; cost of living; demographics; economics; education; energy; environment; finance and currency; foreign economics; foreign governments; foreign trade; U.S. government finances; health; housing; labor; military; politics; science; sociology; transportation; weather. Nicely annotated.
    Statistical Sites on the World Wide Web
    Links to government statistical agencies in the United States and in several dozen countries around the world.
    Tiger--U.S. Census Bureau Maps
    Make your own maps with U.S. Census Bureau information. Add map layers like roads, railways, and county boundaries, then find out average household size, population density, family income and more. Download GIF images for free!
    U.S. Census Bureau
    The U.S. Census Bureau collects data about the people and economy of the United States and produces a wide variety of statistical data products and reports, such as the Statistical Abstract of the United States, FedStats, Trade Statistics, and an up-to-date population clock. A great source for population, genealogical, and geographical information.
    U.S. State Fact Sheets
    "The [United States Department of Agriculture] State Fact Sheets contain information on: Population, Per-capita income, Earnings per job, Poverty rate, Total number of jobs, Unemployment rate, Percent employment change, Farm & farm related jobs, Top export commodities, Farm characteristics, and Farm financial indicators."

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